‘Energy drinks’ the name itself indicates its work! It gives an energy boost to the drinker that improves mental alertness, concentration and physical activities of the drinker when he or she is tired and unable to perform the regular activities. The main ingredient of the energy drink contains caffeine and sugar apart from that it may contain other food supplements such as Ephedrine, Taurine, Ginseng, B-vitamins, Guarana seed, Carnitine, Creatine, Inositol, Ginkgo biloba among others.
Red Bull, Monster, Rockstar, 5-Hour Energy, AMP, Full Throttle and NOS are some of the popular brands of energy drinks. All of these brands contain caffeine in more or less proportion as the main ingredient for an energy boost.
Energy drinks are more popular in teenagers and young adults similarly, night-shift workers, drivers on long road trips and students for enhancing the brain function and reduce sleepiness. Energy drinks are different from soft drinks and sports drinks; soft drinks just give you good tastes and nothing to do with your body performance wherein the sports drinks refill the water loss occurred while playing the sports.
Some of the benefits of having energy drinks are you get more energy, faster recovery after physical activity such as sports or exercise, increase reaction time, improvisation in mood, improvisation in the memory and concentration provides electrolyte while dehydrated.
The heavy consumption of energy drinks can increase the amount of caffeine in your blood which can be risky it may show some serious side effects such as sleep problems, dehydration, and digestive problems. Excessive consumption may lead to serious heart problems such as an increase in blood pressure and heart rate.
Energy drinks can be risky to a certain vulnerable group of children, teenagers, pregnant women, nursing women, and diabetes and heart patients. The physicians and pediatricians should discuss these things to their patients and make them aware of all possible risks. Consumption of energy drinks mixed with alcohol is risky as it can make you feel less intoxicated.
Energy drinks are available in the form containers and energy shots which contains different proportion of caffeine. As per the recommendation of the US Food and Drug Administration generally, adults consume no more than 400 mg of caffeine per day. Hence to avoid the potential harm and side effects of energy drink limit its consumption to 473ml daily without any other caffeinated drinks. Occasional consumption of energy drinks may not cause serious health problems.